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What Agreement Marked the End of the Mexican-American War and What Were the Effects of the Agreement

The Mexican-American War was a significant event in American history. It lasted from 1846 to 1848, and it was a conflict between the United States and Mexico over the annexation of Texas. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on February 2, 1848. This agreement marked the end of the Mexican-American War, and it had significant effects on both countries.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed by Nicholas Trist, who was the chief negotiator for the United States, and Luis G. Cuevas, Bernardo Couto, and Miguel Atristain, who were negotiators for Mexico. The treaty recognized the annexation of Texas by the United States and established the Rio Grande as the boundary between Texas and Mexico. Mexico also ceded a vast amount of land to the United States, including California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming. In return, the United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million, which was a substantial sum of money at the time.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had a significant impact on both the United States and Mexico. For the United States, it expanded its territory by a third, and it solidified its position as a dominant power in North America. The acquisition of California and the Southwest also provided the United States with a valuable source of gold and other resources. This territorial expansion exacerbated the already tense relationship between the North and the South over the issue of slavery, as the territories acquired by the United States under the treaty were not yet states and their status regarding slavery was unresolved.

For Mexico, the treaty was a devastating defeat. The loss of territory meant that Mexico’s size was reduced by half, and it was left in severe economic distress. The payment of $15 million was not enough to cover the damages suffered by Mexico during the war, and the country was left with a long-lasting animosity towards the United States.

Overall, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was a significant agreement that marked the end of the Mexican-American War. Its effects were felt for decades, as both countries grappled with the consequences of this historic event. The treaty ultimately led to the expansion of the United States and the acquisition of valuable resources, but it also left Mexico in a state of political and economic turmoil. Today, it serves as a reminder of the complex and often turbulent relationship between the two neighboring countries.